FAQ

  • 1. How to fix the tool on the electrospindle with collet type ER?

    A correct mounting of the tool is necessary to guarantee a long lasting of the spindle bearings and to obtain a good surface finishing.

    • efore fixing the tool on the electrospidle carefully blow with compressed air the inside taper, the collet locking nut, the collet and the tool.
    • Clean them with mix thinner-oil (92%+8%) to remove the processing residual and if it is necessary use soft paper to clean.
    • Fix the collet on the nut and check that it could turn freely.
    • Insert them into the inside taper of the electrospindle and screw in the nut by hand.
    • Insert the tool and check that it could move axially freely.
    • Screw in the nut with the advised torque using the apposite wrench.
    • Check the run out of the tool. If you can not check the run-out of the tool because of the cutters you can use a straight grinded bar of the same diameter of the tool. Checking the run-out of the bar will give you an information about the status of the collet and of the cone of the spindle. At this point you must be sure that the tool is straight!! (From our experience this is not always true, the tool can be damaged)

    We remind you that the life of the collet is not unlimited. You must check the collet status after many working hours.

    Do not use inappropriate tools (i.e. tool with segeer, etc...)
    If the tool lenght is larger than 80-100mm, use ultra-precise collets. (contact Teknomotor technical office for more information)
    tecnico@teknomotor.com

  • 2. What are the enviroments in which the motors can work?

    If it is not specified differently the motors can work in an environment in which there aren't water or refrigerant jets used during machining. The motor can not works in a misty environment.

    Air sealed motors are available for environments where water or refrigerant jets are presente.
    For more information call Teknomotor Technical Office.

  • 3. What are type of shaft available in the catalogue?

    This kind of shaft are available for manual tool change electrospindle and HF motor in accordance with DIN 6499/B collet:

    • P-ER16 = Designed for collet ER16; available diameter: from 1 to 10 mm.
    • P-ER20 = Designed for collet ER20; available diameter: from 2 to 13 mm.
    • P-ER25 = Designed for collet ER25; available diameter: from 2 to 16 mm.
    • P-ER32 = Designed for collet ER32; available diameter: from 2 to 20 mm.
    • P-ER40 = Designed for collet ER40; available diameter: from 3 to 30 mm.

    It is available also other kind of shaft for HF motor. (See the catalogue). For custom made shafts call Teknomotor Technical Office.

  • 4. What are the motors dimensions?

    Every Model is marked by a letter that denotes the frame dimension. The "A" letter marks the shortest motor and the "D" letter the longest motor.

    Motor model Power (kW) Dimension
    C24/31 0,22-0,27 C24/31.pdf
    C35 0,22-0,75 C35.pdf
    NC35 0,22-0,73 NC35.pdf
    C31/40 0,22-0,73 C31/40.pdf
    C55 0,22-0,73 C55.pdf
    C41/47 0,75-2,0 C41/47.pdf
    C64 0,75-2,0 C64.pdf
    C51/60 2,2-3,7 C51/60.pdf
    C60/67 1,9-7,0 C60/67.pdf
    C71/80 1,5-5,5 C71/80.pdf
    C85/90 5,5-11,0 C85/90.pdf
  • 5. How to program the inverter?

    When the inverter is connected with the motor it must be remembered to modify some inverter parameters to allow the motor work properly and not to be damaged.

    Warning:

    • feeding the motor with a wrong feed curve can irreparably damage the motor in a few seconds.
    • the factory setting of every inverter must be modified to allow it to work with a HF motor/electrospindle.

    Most important parameters:

    • Base Frequency (point A): it is the frequency to which it correspond the maximun voltage acceptable by the motor (base voltage). The factory setting of this parameter is usually 50Hz this parameter must be setted equal to the base frequency of the motor (usually 100Hz, 200Hz, 300Hz, 400Hz depends on the motor type). The value of the base frequency of your motor is written on the nameplate or in the instruction sheet.
    • Base Input Voltage: it is the maximum input voltage to which the motor can work. Generally this value is 220V or 380V, it depens on the motor wiring.
    • Max Frequency (point B): it is the maximum frequency to which the motor can work. It can correspond with the base frequency or it can be higher depending on the bearing type and on the balancing grade.
    • Auto tuning functions: to avoid any damaging of the motor we suggest not to use the auto tuning functions of your inverter but manually set up the inverter parameters with a linear [V;F] curve.

    Warning: please refer to the inverter manufacturer manual to correctly install the inverter.

  • 6. Plugs

    The HF motors and the electrospindle can be supplied with different types of plug.
    The connection of the power supply of the motor (220V or 380V) must be indicated by the customer in the order.

    Two models are available:

    • Plugs with die cast aluminium cover
      Plugs with screw terminal. No particular instruments required.
    • Plugs with plastic cover
      The pins are clamped by a special instrument. This kind of tightening is faster than srew terminal.
  • 7. Half key and full key balancing

    When the order is placed it is fundamental to ask for the correct type of balancing to avoid any excessive vibration when the motor is coupled with the tool.
    An uncorrect match between tool and motor shaft causes vibrations which can compromise the finishing grade of the part as well as considerably reduce the motor life.

    • Half key balancing (HK) Half key balancing (HK):
      this balancing method is usually associate with a one slot tool. In this case we have two asymmetrical and unbalanced rotors which will compensate each other when assembled together making a balanced system.
    • Full key balancing (FK) Full key balancing (FK):
      this balancing method is usually associate with a two slots tool. In this case the tool is symmetrical and balanced and the motor shaft is balanced to compensate the keyway protrusion. The matching of the two rotors will make a balanced system.
  • 8. Difference between a hf motor and an electrospindle

    The main difference consists in the type of the load the motor can be subjected to, radial load for the HF motor, mixed load or pure axial load for the electrospindle.
    The electrospindle is moreover balanced with a lower grade (lower vibrations value) in comparison with HF motor because it is subjected to a process of dynamic balancing.
    At last the electrospindle allows faster rotational speed thanks to the better performance of the angular contact ball bearing compared with a deep grove bearing.

    Characteristics HF Motor Electrospindle Rectangular Motor Rect. Motor Heavy Load
    Radial load Permitted Permitted Permitted Permitted
    Axial load Minimum Permitted Minimum Permitted
    Front bearings Radial Angular conctat Radial Angular conctat
    Rear Bearings Radial Radial/Angular conctat Radial Radial/Angular conctat
    rpm min/max* 3000/18000 3000/30000 1000/6000 1000/9000

    * i valori di rpm sono indicativi poiché dipendono dal modello.

  • 9. How to make a purchase order?
  • 10. Choice of the thread direction on the BT models with blade flanges

    Warning:

    • The choice of the correct correlation between the direction of rotation of the motor and the direction of the shaft thread is binding to guarantee the safety of the people involved with the job.
    • A wrong correlation between the direction of rotation of the motor and the direction of the thread can cause the loosening of the locking nut. This can cause serious or fatal consequences for the operator.
    • The correct correlation between the direction of rotation of the motor and the direction of the thread do not allow not to consider all the other security norms for the protection of the operators involved in the machine operations or maintenance.
    • If the motor rotate clockwise the thread must be counterclockwise (left hand.)
    • If the motor rotate counterclockwise the thread must be clockwise (right hand.)
  • 11. Duty cycles for electric motors (S1-S6)

    The following table has been made with the purpose to summarize in brief the meaning of the codes delle sigle S1 and S6 (IEC 60034-1) and to allow the costumer to choose fastly the duty cycle he need and to correctly select it while filling the offer.
    The codes S2 and S3 are reported just for a matter of completeness.
    For more informations, we advice to consult the technical norm IEC 60034-1.

    Code Meaning Description Application examples Notation examples
    S1 Continuous duty The motor is subjected to a continuous constant load, until it reach the thermal equilibrium (regime conditions). So in theory it can operate continuously until failure due to the wear of bearings or other part in motion. Hydraulic pumps, Industrial fans, etc. S1
    S2 Limited duty The motor is subjected to a continuous constant load for just a short time, which does not allow the motor to reach the thermal equilibrium. Before starting the motor for the second time, it is necessary to wait until the themperature of the motor equals the room themperature (reset to initial conditions). Hairdryers, blenders, etc. S2 30min
    S3 Intermittent periodic duty The motor is subjected to a cycle of loads made by constant load periods and periods without loads nor electrical feed. The starting current does not increase the motor themperature. Motors for lift of loads, etc. S3 25%*
    S6 Continuous periodic duty The motor is subjected to a cycle of loads made by constant load periods and periods without loads. The motor is always electrically feeded, even without loads. Machines for woodworking, oleodynamic pumps, etc. S6 40%*

    * Unless otherwise specified, the total lasting of the cycle (S3 and S6) is of 10 minutes and the intermittence ratios (time with load/total cycle time) must be equal to one of the following values: 15%; 25%; 40%; 60%

    Obviously, the continuous service S1 is the most burdensome, because, unlike the other three, does not previde a time of rest.
    Under the load conditions S2; S3 and S6 can be applied greater loads then those permitted in a continuous cycle.

  • 12. How to choose power and speed of a motor

    It describes the method to link the power and the speed of a motor according to the effective speed.
    Reference is now made to the figure below relative to a linear [V; F] curve control.
    The available data for the calculation can be found in the catalog; for each motor is declared Nominal power and Nominal speed (point A).

    Power of the motor

    From low speed until the nominal speed (point A), the power increases linearly as represented by the inclined blue line.
    IIn this stretch the power can be calculated with this formula:

    Power @ Desired speed [kW] =
    Max power [kW] / Nominal speed [rpm]
    × Desired speed[rpm]

    From point A to point B the Power is approximable nearly constant until reach maximum speed (point B) In this stretch, the power is obtained as follows:

    Power [kW] = Nominal power [kW]

    Torque of the motor

    From low speed until the nominal speed (A) the motor torque is equal to the nominal torque. From the point A to the point B the motor torque decreases as represented by the red curve in the figure below. The Nominal torque is calculated as follows:

    Nominal torque [Nm] = 9549 ×
    Nominal power [kW] / Nominale speed [rpm]

    Caution to the minimum functioning speed: for high-frequency motors exist a minimum speed of operation to ensure a proper ventilation of the motor with a continuous operation; this speed is usually at 6000 rpm. To be able to get off at lower speeds it is necessary to provide for the mounting of an increased fan diameter or an electric fan (in this case contact the technical office).

    Figure: Power [W] and Torque [Nm] as a function of speed [rpm].

    Figure: Power [W] and Torque [Nm] as a function of speed [rpm].

    Example of electrospindle: ATC71 - A - ISO30 - SN

    TYPE
    TIPO
    TYP
    POWER
    POTENZA
    LEISTUNG
    VOLTAGE
    TENSIONE
    SPANNUNG
    FREQ. SPEED
    VELOCITÀ
    DREHZAHL
    SMAX SPEED
    VELOCITÀ MAX
    *****
    ABSORB.
    ASSORB.
    AMP AUFN
    WEIGHT
    PESO
    GEW.
    S1 [kW] S6 [kW] V Hz rpm Rpm A Kg
    ATC71 - A - ISO30 - SN 3.8 4.6 400 200 12000 24000 8.3/10.0 21.0

    With this electrospindle we have a maximum power (S1) of 3.8 [kW] and a nominal speed of 12000 [rpm]. Under the nomial speed the motor generates a lower power than the nominal power and this can be seen in the example.

    DATA:
    Example of desired speed: 7800 [rpm];
    Nominal power (S1): 3.8 [kW];
    Nominal speed: 12000 [rpm].

    Power @ 7800 rpm =
    3.8 [kW] / 12000 [rpm]
    × 7800 [rpm] = 2.47 [kW]
    Torque @ 7800 rpm = 9549 ×
    3.8 [kW] / 12000 [rpm]
    = 3.0 [Nm]
    Example: green dots are the Power [kW] and the Torque [Nm] of working.

    Example: green dots are the Power [kW] and the Torque [Nm] of working.

    Bond between speed and frequency

    Another useful formula to find speed [rpm] from frequency [Hz] and the number of pole pairs pp:

    Speed [rpm] =
    60 × frequency [Hz] / pp